Llanover estate records
Reference code(s): GB 0218 D1210
Held at: Gwent Record Office
Title: Llanover estate records
Short title: Llanover estate records
Dates of creation: 1625-1925
Level of description: Fonds
Extent and medium: 35 boxes, 4 map boxes, 100 books, 1 large map
Name of creator(s): Llanover estate
Administrative and biographical history: In 1615, Rhys Williams was lord of the manor and court of Llanover, Monmouthshire, including the manors of Parc Llettis and Dyfnwal. He was succeeded by 1628 by his grandson Matthew Williams. Herbert Williams, son or grandson of Matthew Williams, was the last of the Williams family to own the manor, selling it for £340 in 1672 to Dame Anne Morgan (d. 1688). Dame Anne Morgan (d. 1688) bequeathed the manor of Park Lettice to her grand-niece, Mary wife of Baron Otto Schwerin of the Netherlands, and the manor was escheated to the Crown by reason of Otto being a foreigner. Some time before 1740, the manor of Park Lettice was purchased by John Burgh of Troy, steward to the Duke of Beaufort, who also purchased Llanover Court and demesne land. The Rev. Henry Burgh, his son, left a daughter and heir, Maria, the wife of Colonel Thomas Johnes, MP, of Hafod Uchtryd, Cardiganshire. Having no surviving issue, Maria left her manor of Park Lettice to her mother, and other lands in Llanover to her sisters Amy wife of John Powell of Llanhamlach, and Anne the wife of Edward Williams of Llangattock Crickhowell. In 1816, Thomas Powell, son of Amy Powell, and Osborne Yeates, who had married the granddaughter of Anne Williams, were joint lords of the manor. In 1826, Thomas Harcourt Powell sold the manor and estate to Benjamin Hall (1802-67), afterwards Lord Llanover. Benjamin Hall (1778-1817) was the eldest son of Dr Benjamin Hall, chancellor of Llandaff cathedral. He married Charlotte, the younger daughter of Richard Crawshay the ironmaster (1739-1810) of Cyfarthfa, in 1801. Crawshay made Hall a partner when he purchased the Rhymney ironworks in 1803, presented him with the Abercarn estate in 1808 (which Richard Crawshay had purchased from Samuel Glover for £3,500 in 1807), and bequeathed him a three-eighths share in his estate in his will, which Hall eventually sold to Crawshay's son William (1764-1834). Benjamin Hall also purchased the manor of Park Lettice from Thomas Harcourt Powell in 1826. Benjamin Hall (1802-1867) of Abercarn married Augusta (1802-1896, 'Gwenynen Gwent'), the youngest of the six daughters of Benjamin Waddington (1749-1828) of Llanover, in 1823. Benjamin Waddington, the third son of a Nottinghamshire cleric, had bought Llanover from the Cecil family of The Dyffryn in about 1792, and married Georgina Mary Anne Port (1771-1850) of Ilam, Derbyshire. With the arrangement of the other daughters, the Llanover estate was settled on Augusta, and the neighbouring estates of Llanover and Abercarn were united. Benjamin Hall died in a shooting accident in 1867 having survived both his sons. After her death the estate passed to her only surviving child, Augusta, the widow of J.A.E. Herbert of Llanarth, Monmouthshire. She purchased the Coldbrook estate near Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, in 1896. Her heir was Major-General Sir Ivor John Caradoc Herbert (1851-1934) who became Baron Treowen in 1917.
Scope and content: Deeds, 1738-1868; Llanover estate administration papers, mainly comprising vouchers, 1823-1866, maps and plans, 1827-1919, estate correspondence, 1828-1928, valuations and inventories, 1851-1917, tenancy agreements, 1856-1888, estate workers' wages books, 1869-1900, rentals, 1878-1916, estate accounts, 1878-1917, and building and repairs accounts, 1886-1908; Llanover and London household accounts, 1809-1916, including servants' wages books, 1879-1916, and meat accounts and lists of meat eaters, 1877-1906, and Llanover and Ty Uchaf farm accounts, 1875-1916, and Llanover household accounts, 1895-1915, and Ty Uchaf household accounts, 1872-1923, smaller groups of estate administration records of the Abercarn estate, 1880-1919, Coldbrook estate, 1732-1900, and Llanarth estate, 1874-1912; and papers relating to the manor of Park Lettice, 1345-1881. The archive also includes Llanover parochial records, 1740-1883, being mainly rates and land tax assessments for Llanover Lower, 1740-1796; important papers relating to the Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal Navigation Co., 1805-1824, and to the Monmouthshire Canal Co., 1805-1827; Llanover parochial school records, 1871-1921, including wages books, 1872-1905, the wages being paid by Lady Llanover and subsequently by the estate; papers relating to Llandovery College, 1877-1889, and papers relating to local chapels. The archive contains hardly any papers relating to the public or political life of Benjamin Hall who was an MP from 1831 until 1859 and who became the first Parliamentary Commissioner of Works, nor to the public life of his wife Lady Llanover.
ACCESS AND USE
Language/script: English, Welsh
System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: deeds by parish; Waddington estate papers; Llanover estate papers; Abercarn estate papers; Coldbrook estate papers; Llanarth estate papers; parish affairs and printed material.
Conditions governing access: No restrictions
Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.
Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available at Gwent Record Office, National Library of Wales and the National Register of Archives
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at Gwent Record Office have been retained
Accruals: Accruals are expected
Immediate source of acquisition: Deposit. It is Gwent Record Office's policy to withold information about donors or depositors in view of possible misuse.
Related units of description: Further papers relating to the Llanover estate, mainly estate administration papers, are Gwent Record Office, D1210. Further papers, mainly family papers, 1786-1940, 1817-1863 are National Library of Wales, Llanover Papers (uncatalogued), and NLW, Bunsen and Waddington Letters, respectively.
Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds
Archivist's note: Compiled by Stephen Benham for the HMC/NLW Family and Estates project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Bradney, Sir Joseph, A History of Monmouthshire, vol. I, part 2b; (London, 1992. facsimile ed.), vol. V, (Cardiff and Aberystwyth, 1993, facsimile ed.).
Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2 and LCSH
Date(s) of description: October 2002