Search the Catalogue

Flintshire Record Office

Gresford Colliery Disaster Relief Fund MSS

Reference code(s): GB 0208 D/GF

Held at:

Title: Gresford Colliery Disaster Relief Fund MSS

Short title: Gresford Colliery Disaster Relief Fund, papers

Dates of creation: 1930s-1985

Level of description: Fonds

Extent and medium: 425 items

Name of creator(s): Gresford Colliery Disaster Relief Fund


Administrative and biographical history: On 22 September 1934, an explosion occurred underground at Gresford Colliery, Gresford, Denbighshire, killing 265 miners. The disaster left 591 widows, children, parents and other dependants. In addition, over 1500 miners were temporarily without work, until the colliery was re-opened in January 1936. Several relief funds were opened, and by September 1935, subscriptions totalled £565,000, divided between the Lord Mayor of London's 'Mansion House Fund' and the Lord Lieutenant of Denbighshire's 'Denbighshire Fund'. A local committee was formed in Wrexham, Flintshire, to ensure that immediate relief should be afforded to the dependants in need of it, in the form of grants and temporary weekly allowances. The two funds were amalgamated in July 1935, under the provision of a trust deed to form the Gresford Colliery Disaster Relief Fund. The three trustees appointed were the Lord Mayor of London, the Governor of the Bank of England and the Lord Lieutenant of Denbighshire. A Central Board was appointed to control policy and administration and a permanent secretary and staff carried out the local administration under the direction of the Local Committee based in Wrexham. The Local Committee employed a 'visitor' to check the day-to-day welfare of the widows and their children. The allowances and grants were organised by an honorary actuary. The fund came to an end after the deaths of the last dependants. The Fund played a key role in the creation of the memorial to the victims unveiled in 1982.


Scope and content: Records relating to the Gresford Colliery Disaster Relief Fund, 1930s-1985, including minutes, 1935-1981; relief fund scheme papers, 1935-1977; annual and other reports of the Central Board, Local Committee, actuary and others, 1934-1983; ledgers and cash books, 1934-1979; statements, 1934-1973; claim forms, schedules of allowances, lists of dependants and visitor's reports, 1934-1984; requisitions, 1934-1984; general correspondence, 1934-1984; correspondence of the Central Board, 1934-1978; correspondence with the Bank of England, 1934-1980; office and staff correspondence, 1940-1968; papers relating to the Gresford Disaster Memorial, 1980-1985; and press cuttings, 1937-1966.


Language/script: English

System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: minutes; relief fund scheme; annual, and other reports; accounts; correspondence and papers; Gresford Colliery disaster memorial; and miscellaneous.

Conditions governing access: Data Protection Act restrictions will apply to any items less than 100 years old that contain sensitive personal information as defined by the Act.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available at Flintshire Record Office, the National Library of Wales and the National Register of Archives.
Detailed catalogue


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records have been retained. Some remain to be catalogued.

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history: Some of the records were previously deposited in the Library of the University College of North Wales, Bangor, [1968] and later transferred to Flintshire Record Office.

Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited by T.V.R. Roberts, Secretary, Gresford Colliery Disaster Relief Fund, 9 Bradley Road, Wrexham, 1985.


Related units of description: Further records are in Flintshire Record Office, National Union of Mineworkers (N. Wales Area) MSS.


Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Rhys Jones for the ANW project. The following source was used in the compilation of this description: Flintshire Record Office, Gresford Colliery Disaster Relief Fund MSS.

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH

Date(s) of description: February 2004



Coal mine accidents | Wales | Gresford

Disaster relief | Wales | Gresford

Gresford Colliery Disaster Relief Fund | Records and correspondence

Gresford Colliery Disaster, Gresford, Wales, 1934

Personal names

Corporate names

Gresford Colliery Disaster Relief Fund

Gresford Colliery Ltd