National Library of Wales
Orielton Estate Records
Reference code(s): GB 0210 ORIELTON
Title: Orielton Estate Records
Short title: Orielton estate, records
Dates of creation: 1466-1875
Level of description: Fonds
Extent and medium: 0.286 cubic metres (10 boxes)
Name of creator(s): Orielton estate
Administrative and biographical history: The estate of Orielton came into the hands of the Owen family of Bodeon, Anglesey, when Sir Hugh Owen, recorder of the town of Carmarthen, married Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Elizabeth Wirriot in 1571. Sir Hugh divided his property, giving his Pembrokeshire estate to his eldest son, John Owen, and his Anglesey property to his second son, William Owen.
Sir Hugh Owen was succeeded by his grandson, Hugh Owen (b. 1604) to the Orielton property. Hugh was created a baronet in 1641. He was succeeded by his son, Sir Hugh Owen (d. 1698/9), who by his marriage to Anne, heiress of Hugh Owen of Bodeon, again united the Pembrokeshire and Anglesey estates. The estate then descended in the male line until Hugh Owen, 6th baronet died unmarried in 1809. He bequeathed his estate to John Lord (d. 1861), son of Joseph Lord and his wife Corbetta, daughter of Lt-General John Owen, second son of Sir Arthur Owen, 3rd Bart. He took the name of Owen, and was created a baronet in 1813. The original baronetcy remained in the male line until the death of Sir William Owen Barlow, 8th Bart., who died unmarried in 1851.
The resources of the Orielton estate were heavily drained by successive, bitterly contested parliamentary elections which were often the subject of petitions to Parliament in which irregularities were alleged. In May 1831 Sir John Owen, 1st baronet contested the Pembrokeshire county seat and was opposed by Robert Fulke Greville. Sir John was returned, but unseated on petition. In October of the same year he was returned by a larger majority, but the expense was crippling. SHe finally ceased to reside at Orielton and the estate was sold in 1857, the occupier in 1872 being M.A. Saurin.
Scope and content: The archive comprises almost entirely of title deeds relating to the Orielton estate in Pembrokeshire, and to a lesser extent in Angelsey and Caernarfonshire, 1466-1875.
ACCESS AND USE
Language/script: English, Latin
System of arrangement: The first deposit is arranged into parcels.
Conditions governing access: Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.
Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright laws apply
Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available at NLW and HMC. The 1961 purchase remains uncatalogued. An online catalogue of the deposit can be accessed from http://www.llgc.org.uk:81/index.htm
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records purchased and deposited at NLW have been retained
Accruals: Accruals are not expected
Immediate source of acquisition: The first group was received in the 1950's; a further group was purchased from Stanley Crowe, 5 Bloomsbury Street, London WC1, in April 1961.
Related units of description: Further papers relating to the Orielton estate are National Library of Wales, Ffynnone Estate Records (previously Spence-Colby MSS and Deeds and Owen and Colby MSS and Deeds); Gwynedd Archives, Caernarfon Record Office, X/Poole/1008-2045, and XD 2/7655-86; Carmarthenshire Archive Service, D/JF/1-659 passim; and Glamorgan Record Office (see its Annual Report, 1984, p. 30).
Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds
Archivist's note: Compiled by Mair James.
The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: The Dictionary of Welsh Biography down to 1940 (London, 1959); Griffith, John Edwards, Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families (Wrexham, 1998 reprint); Nicholas, Thomas, Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County families of Wales (London, 2 vols, 1872), vol. II; Phillips, J. Roland, Memoirs of the Ancient Family of Owen of Orielton, co. Pembroke (London, 1886).
Rules or conventions: This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH.
Date(s) of description: April 2002